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Cartilage Injury 2: Treatment with Microfracture

Cartilage injuries can be devastating injuries to the athlete with or without surgical management. One of the most basic surgical treatments for cartilage injury is called the microfracture. This is an older procedure aims to establish a flow of blood to the site of cartilage injury so that a blood clot can form in the injury site. This blood clot contains stem cells that have the potential to form a fibrocartilage scar in the defect. This has been shown to decrease pain after cartilage injury, however several studies have suggested that microfracture patients have a lower rate of return to sport than those treated with other cartilage restoration techniques. This video clearly describes the microfracture technique using photos from an actual case.